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The Purpose of Flies in the Environment
We might think of flies as nothing more than pests, but the purpose of flies in the ecosystem is more important than you realize.
Consider the common house fly as a nuisance and potential carrier of diseases such as cholera and typhus. Since these flying insects hover around our food, and where waste is deposited, our chances of contracting diseases through contact are quite high. This is especially true in areas where general levels of hygiene and health are poor.
Basic Facts About Flies
Belonging to the Diptera order of the insect family, there are more than 110,000 species of true flies. North America has 18,000 species alone. One pair of house flies can lay up to six egg hatches with more than a hundred eggs in each hatch.
We can categorize flies under five heads:
- Gnats – smallest in size gnats comprise biting gnats, sand flies, and midges.
- Filth Flies – as the name indicates they lay eggs primarily in garbage and animal feces transmitting dangerous illnesses.
- Biting Flies – as the suggests these flies transmit disease through biting and include the horse-fly, deer fly, and black fly.
- Small Flies – a fruit fly is a typical example, it generally has a lifespan as short as ten days, and causes extensive crop damage.
- Overwintering Flies – usually reside in lofts and attics but reproduce in the outdoors – gardens or lawns.
Physical Characteristics of True Flies
True flies are recognizable by a single pair of wings with a pair of halteres -balancing organs- at the base of each wing. Some species that cannot fly live as parasites in alpine areas or on islands. Some of the more common types of true flies include:
- fruit flies
- crane flies
- bee flies
- hover flies
- house flies
- face flies
- blow flies
However, it’s the house fly and mosquito that are the most famous members of the Diptera family. While true files are feared for their reputation as disease carriers, the fact remains that they play a critical role in balancing nature.
The True Purpose of Flies in Nature
Quite a few true fly species act as pollinators for some plant varieties. Some of these flies hop from flower to flower and plant to plant.
Some of these species of flies pollinate flowers that are not sufficiently attractive or pleasant smelling to attract bees.
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Red trillium, wild ginger, and skunk cabbage are some of the plants that are ignored by bees but pollinated by true flies instead. If it were not for the midges that pollinate cacao plants, you wouldn’t be enjoying your favorite chocolate bar.
True flies also play a crucial role in the food chain, both as a hunter and the hunted. Flies are an essential food source for other insects, fish, birds, and mammals. Fishers use flies as a lure while some fly larvae prey on other insects or act as parasites.
Even crime investigators determine the time of the death of homicide victims by observing the presence of blow fly larvae near the injury. Maggots or fly larvae are used by doctors to deride burn wounds on patients.
The Conclusion on the Purpose of Flies
Despite their dowdy appearance, flies play a significant role in maintaining the ecological balance in our surroundings. No wonder they are aptly known as nature’s clean-up crew.
From rotting carcasses to fecal matter, flies and their larva help break down decomposing organic matter into its basic blocks.
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In the process, the digestive excrement of flies is released back as nutrient-rich manure into the soil. In this way flies complement the ecological balance while playing a role in the food chain too.
So, the next time you come across a fly, remember it’s not just a nuisance, but also the purpose of flies plays a useful role in our daily lives.***
More articles about flies:
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Gnats in Home:
Home Remedies to Get Rid of These Tiny Pests
Whether you are dealing with flies or gnats, these ubiquitous creatures are remarkably annoying despite their size. Luckily, it is easy to get rid of them with a few easy-to-follow steps.
Identify the Species
Before you can create a targeted solution to rid yourself of these flying pests, you must first know what kind of pest you are dealing with. Just because they’re small and annoying, it doesn’t necessarily mean they are gnats.
Other common species include fruit flies, drain flies, and fungus gnats. Fruit flies are brown with bright red eyes. Drain flies are fuzzier and have wings like mouths. Fungus gnats have long, spindly legs, and are black in color.
You can also help differentiate between the species by figuring out where they are located. Fruit flies tend to gather–as the name implies–around the fruit. Drain flies like to hang out in wet areas, such as the toilet or sink, while fungus gnats linger around plants.
Limit Food Sources
Fruit flies tend to congregate around–you guessed it–fruit, so keep fruit in the refrigerator and clean it as soon as you get it home. Fruit flies leave larvae or eggs on fruits’ surface, so washing produce can help eliminate them from the get-go.
Drain flies tend to hang out around bacteria or sewage. Using foaming drain cleaner can help eliminate bacteria from the pipes. However, sometimes a drain fly infestation can signal a leaky pipe, so make sure you are diligent about taking care of any maintenance issues.
Fungus gnats, like other types of pests, require moisture and humidity. Make sure you don’t overwater any houseplants or plants near the home.
“Fruit flies tend to gather around the fruit. Drain flies like to hang out in wet areas, such as the toilet or sink, while fungus gnats linger around plants.”
Use a Trap
While stopping flies before they take up residence is the most effective way to control their populations, once they’ve really set in you can also use a trapping mechanism to eliminate them altogether.
You can fashion an apple cider vinegar trap by mixing a container of apple cider vinegar with a few drops of dish soap. Place this mixture in a plastic jar, and cover with plastic wrap. Poke a few holes in the top for the flies to enter. They will drown in this mixture.
Other homemade traps include those with red wine, banana slices, bleach, and rotten fruit. Keep in mind that you must cover any of these traps with plastic wrap to prevent the flies from escaping and propagating further.
Old-fashioned vinegar traps tend to work best. If you are looking for something more powerful. Consider using sticky strips or other manual removal methods to get rid of these unpleasant bugs in your house.
Some people swear by LED light producing machines to attract and then kill flies. These draw flies into their shiny lights and then trap them before they escape. Although these tend to be a bit more costly, they can be highly effective in eliminating gnat populations.
If you have a large-scale infestation, you can also use an insect fogging product. However, these can be potentially toxic or carcinogenic, so make sure you read product labels carefully and never use them around pets or small children.
“While stopping flies before they take up residence is the most effective way to control their populations, once they’ve really set in you can also use a trapping mechanism to eliminate them altogether.”
Remember that it may take some trial and error to find the best gnat removal strategy for your household. Not all methods include one hundred percent guaranteed success.
Depending on the severity and complexity of your infestation, you may have to experiment to find the best solution. Luckily, most treatments are inexpensive and easy to implement.
In most cases, gnats in the home don’t pose a health or safety threat to you or your family. They don’t bite, and most species don’t carry disease. While they can be annoying–and, yes, downright gross–they are unlikely to make you sick.***
Featured Image: Gerald J. Lenhard, Louisiana State University, Bugwood.org
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4 Steps to Getting Rid of Flies from Your Restaurant
Knowing how to get rid of flies in a restaurant is a top priority for any restaurant owner.
Hygiene is beyond any debate when it comes to the running of a restaurant. Unfortunately, due to the availability of ample food, water, and other factors, restaurants are highly vulnerable to several pest problems.
To be precise, a restaurant or a café has major areas that are prone to invasion by more than six types of pests, including flies.
Fly Infestation Problem: The Effects of Flies in a Restaurant
Pests in your restaurant put your customers, employees and even yourself at risk of getting various diseases. Flies which are among the most common restaurant pests carry and spread numerous pandemics such as cholera, salmonellosis, tuberculosis as well as typhoid fever.
After feeding on decaying organic matter such as carcass and animal feces, flies carry pathogens by their feed and contaminate the food preparation surfaces and any food they step on. Eating the contaminated food put one at risk of getting diseases like typhoid and cholera.
Besides spreading diseases, flies destroy the reputation of your restaurant. Hygiene and the success of your restaurant business go hand in hand. On the other hand, pests are usually associated with poor sanitation.
Therefore, if your customers find your place unhygienic, they won’t hesitate to move to your neighboring competitor who they can trust. Also, health and safety laws require restaurant owners to control pests actively. Failure to do so, a restaurant is likely to be closed by the relevant regulatory agency and its license could be withdrawn.
“After feeding on decaying organic matter such as carcass and animal feces, flies carry pathogens by their feed and contaminate the food preparation surfaces and any food they step on.”
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Eliminate Flies in Your Restaurant
Considering the above risks associated with a fly infestation, the control of the pests is undoubtedly paramount for restaurant owners who want to excel in their businesses.
Here are some of the tips you can apply fly extermination from your restaurant:
#1. Maintain proper hygiene
Your kitchen is the major harboring and breeding grounds for flies. You can make it unfavorable for the pests by ensuring that it is clean and sanitized all the time.
Proper hygiene practices that can eradicate fly include regular cleaning of trash containers, drain traps and drains as well as frequent wiping down of counter areas and chopping blocks.
The garbage area is another spot in your restaurant that you should pay attention to for fly control. Flies will frequent the area since they are attracted to decomposing matter, and unclean drains found there.
Keep garbage containers closed and empty them regularly. Everywhere else in your restaurant including the dining area and washrooms also ought to be spotlessly cleaned and sanitized.
#2. Prevent flies from getting in
Flies are typically found outdoors but if they get a chance, they won’t hesitate to enter your restaurant to get food and breed. They usually get in through open windows and doors.
Therefore, keeping doors and windows closed (of course apart from the main entrance used by customers) will minimize the chances of the insects entering your premises.
Alternatively, you can place screening vents on the entry points. Or, you can put large fans facing the entrances to prevent flies from entering your kitchen and waste area.
“The garbage area is another spot in your restaurant that you should pay attention to for fly control. Flies will frequent the area since they are attracted to decomposing matter, and unclean drains found there.”
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#3. Use a fly trap
If your restaurant is appropriately cleaned, and you blocked off the entrances for flies, but the problem persists, then you can opt to use a fly trap. The trap produces UV light which attracts flies. When the flies step on its sticky surface, they are trapped and eventually die.
#4. Seek professional help
Restaurant fly control may sometimes be a daunting task, especially in an extremely busy business. Besides, in serious infestation cases, further expertise is necessary.
In such situations, professional help from a reputable pest control expert comes in handy. Choosing a professional isn’t a waste of money. Paying an exterminator protects your overall investment of the restaurant.
Hopefully, you are now well equipped with the knowledge you need to have a fly-free restaurant. We wish you all the best in your business.***
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Getting Rid of House Flies
House flies are extremely annoying, and sometimes it seems they come out of nowhere, flying around your kitchen and causing your pet to go crazy.
One of the most annoying pests that homeowners will come into contact with is the house fly. Not only are house flies extremely annoying, but they also can transmit over sixty different types of diseases that include dysentery, typhoid, cholera, and gastroenteritis.
When you have a problem with flies, you can trust Control Exterminating for professional fly control. Our exterminators know how these pests behave and can assure their removal for good.
Getting Rid of House Flies
When flies land on feces or other material that contains dangerous bacteria, it sticks to their feet. Then they fly into your home and land on a banana or apple that is sitting in your fruit bowl on the kitchen countertop; it’s just that simple.
Protect Your Home from House Flies
There are certain steps you can take as a responsible homeowner to keep flies away from your home and family. One of the most important steps to take is to clean your home regularly.
Thoroughly clean your home, especially the areas where you and your family sit down to eat, with a good disinfectant that has the power required to eliminate any type of filth that a fly may have left behind. Cleaning products that are bleach based or chlorine-based is the best way to go when it comes to removing those dangerous bacteria.
“Thoroughly clean your home, especially the areas where you and your family sit down to eat, with a good disinfectant that has the power required to eliminate any type of filth that a fly may have left behind.”
Take Your Trash Out
Every home produces a significant amount of garbage every year; the way that we dispose of that garbage greatly determines whether or not flies will be attracted to our home.
Garbage cans happen to be a fly’s most favorite breeding ground, so keep your bins tightly secured with lids, and be sure that all trash bags are tied as tightly as possible.
Garbage bins that are left uncovered or garbage bags that are loosely tied are extremely attractive to flies as it gives them easy access to the waste that is inside. Flies will begin to gather around your garbage more often and seem never to leave if they can get into the bins easily.
If you are not keen on having fruit flies in your home, especially your kitchen, what are you prepared to do about it? In New York, many homeowners depend on the services of professional pest control services.
Control Exterminating is the preferred pest control service because of how thorough our exterminators are in identifying the problem. They make sure they know exactly what type of fruit fly they are dealing with so that they can correctly handle your infestation problem.
Since there are several types of species, it is important to accurately identify the type of fly so that they can properly treat the problem. Fruit flies will feed on sugary foods and drinks.
If you happen to make a spill and it isn’t completely and thoroughly wiped clean, you could begin to experience a problem with fruit flies. In some instances, people who have fruit flies in their kitchen have spilled something that has not been whipped up completely. This is something you can do to ensure you don’t have fruit flies.
Eliminating the Fruit Fly and House Fly Infestation
The only way to completely get rid of your fruit fly infestation problem is to properly dispose of the rotten fruit you have in or around your home. Not only should you get rid of the fruit that has gone bad but you will also have to properly dispose of vegetables that are no longer any good.
Until the problem has been completely resolved, make sure you keep any newly purchased fruit and vegetables in the refrigerator. Don’t allow your home to be a breeding ground for fruit flies by ignoring the problem.
Act quickly to eliminate the problem. When you see a problem, address it quickly so that you do not experience an even bigger problem than you already have.
Fly Pest Inspections, Prevention, Control & Removal in Manhattan, NYC
Flies outside are annoying enough, but when they begin to venture into your home, it can drive you mad. One of the best ways to prevent flies from coming into your home is to install window screens on every window that is in your home.
This will allow you to keep windows open without having to worry about flies coming inside. Be sure to close all doors when not in use and seal up any areas where flies may be able to squeeze through to get into your home.
If you are experiencing a problem with flies and cannot seem to get them to go away, contact Control Exterminating today for the best fly control service available.***
Featured Image: Joseph Berger, Bugwood.org