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Brazilian Wasp Venom that Cures Cancer
Polybia paulista is a wasp that is the latest addition to the growing list of pests found to help humankind in not so obvious ways. Researchers in the UK and Brazil have found that the venom produced by the social wasp to protect itself from enemies, has a potential role in the fight against cancer in human beings.
Mention the word ‘wasp,’ and the mind conjures up visions of buzzing, flying insects with a sting that makes you go numb with pain. In fact, the pest control agencies get a fairly large number or calls seeking help to eliminate wasps from homes and business establishment.
Naturally, we usually equate pests with nuisance and health problems. But thanks to modern scientific research, we are discovering some of the advantages that pests bring into our daily lives. The self-protection mechanism of insects and animals is most evident in the form of venom that they inject into their enemies.
Polybia paulista is a wasp that is the latest addition to the growing list of pests found to help humankind in not so obvious ways. A combined study by researchers in the UK and Brazil has found that the venom produced by the social wasp to protect itself from enemies, has a potential role in the fight against cancer in human beings.
Yes, you heard it right. Wasp venom is a potential cancer buster according to a study published in Biophysical Journal. The study reveals that MP1 (Polybia-MP1), the toxin in the venom, targets only cancerous cells and doesn’t affect normal cells in the body.
MP1 creates holes on the surface of cancer affected cells, allowing the crucial molecules emerge from within and stimulate the cells to function. MP1 achieves this by interacting with the abnormally distributed lipids on the cell surfaces. The discovery opens up immense possibilities in the war that humans wage against the relentless onslaught of cancer.
According to Paul Beales of the University of Leeds, UK, who co-authored the study, the discovery paves the way for the development of a new class of anticancer drugs that can be used in combination with other drugs to target different parts of cancer cells simultaneously.
How the Wasp Venom Kills Cancer Cells
While the study shows that the toxin in the venom is useful in fighting cases of prostate and bladder cancer, there is no clarity on how exactly MP1 acts so selectively against cancerous cells alone without harming normal human cells.
The authors suspect that the key lies within the membranes of the cancer cells itself. It was noticed that unlike healthy cells where phospholipids are located in the internal membrane leaflet, in cancer cells the phospholipids are located in the external membrane and accessible to MP1. The phospholipids typically are of two types: phosphatidylserine (PS) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE).
To test the validity of the theory, the scientists created model membranes, embedded some of them with phospholipids, and exposed them to MP1. A wide range of biophysical and imaging techniques was used to simulate the debilitating effects of MP1 on the membranes. Interestingly, the PS phospholipids improved the bonding ability of MP1 to the membrane by as much as 8 times.
Similarly, the PE phospholipids also improved its ability to create gaping holes in the membrane, by around 20 times. It was noticed that within seconds, crucial molecules like RNA and proteins were able to emerge from to the surface, enabling the cell to function normally.
New Anti-Cancer Treatment
Going forward, the scholars intend to study the relation between the peptide structure and its function to mold its potency and selectivity for clinical usage. The discovery opens up huge possibilities considering that the peptide is biased towards cancer cells and benign towards non-normal cells.
Conventional cancer treatments like radiation and chemotherapy come with the threat of collateral damage. However, with the discovery of options like MP1 in wasp venom, the trend is likely to shift to safer treatment methods where healthy cells are not affected at all. This also means the chances of cancer survival increase drastically.***
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Ants are looked at as a small, insignificant pest, but these insects can be very violent. Given the appropriate conflict, an ant war between two colonies of ants can occur. These ants will rip each other to pieces in order to protect their colony and Queen.
Who Do Ants Go To War With?
Ants are social insects which live in ‘families’ known as colonies. An ant war can be among ants within the same colony or a colony versus another colony. These insects can also fight other animals, and even humans when they feel threatened.
Why Do Ants Fight Each Other?
Ant Vs Ant
Most ant internal ant wars (within a colony) occur as a result of issues related to the queen ant. Each colony has one female ant which is exclusively allowed to mate with drones (male ants) and reproduce. However, there are other female ants (workers) within a colony who may try to mate with the drones to reproduce. The internal war is mostly among worker ants as they try to compete for drones for mating and serving purposes. In such a case, a fight between two worker ants continues until one is defeated. The defeated ant returns to work worker while the winner is allowed to go on to mate. Fortunately, fights amongst worker ants of the same colony don’t result in fatalities.
Queen Ant Vs Female Ants
Nevertheless, in an extreme case, worker ants may “assassinate” the sitting queen once their number in a colony hits 300. The replacement of the queen may occur as a result of her deteriorated reproduction capability, hence the need to get another queen. The workers with full reproductive capability become queens and mate with their male siblings to form their own colonies.
Ant Vs Ant Colony
Intra-colony fights may also occur as a result of wrong identification of an ant within a colony. Ants sharing the same colony identify themselves according to their unique smell. However, sometimes one of them may smell differently, perhaps like an outsider, possibly as a result of contamination or just a mistaken identity. In such a case, the ant may be attacked by its nest mates until it cleans itself and is accepted back or unfortunately succumbs to the injuries it sustains from the fight.
Ant Colony Vs Ant Colony
In other instances, an ant fight may occur when one ant colony raids another colony for food. The raid triggers a conflict between the two colonies and eventually a war. Both colonies (the raider and the raided) summon their worker ants to the tournament ground where hundreds of fighters conduct a highly stereotyped demonstration of fights. Eventually, the colony that’s able to summon a larger number of workers than the other takes over the one with the less worker workforce. The end of the fight is characterized by the killing or chasing away of the Queen of the weaker ant colony by the stronger colony. The latter also takes the larvae, pupae, callow as well as the honeypot workers of the weaker colony.
How Do Ants Fight? How Do They Attack?
During wars between same colony members, ants will “whip” one another using their antennae for about 14 to 21 times until winners are established. While some ant species maim and kill their rivals using their mandibles, others like Brachyponera Chinensis use the sting on their abdomen to fight. During a fight, the stinging ants mount on their enemies and pierce them using their stings. Other species of ant spray their enemies with formic acid, a poisonous substance. Some ant fights are so serious that some fighting ants end up being torn into pieces and eventually die.
What Do Ants Do With Their Dead?
Have you ever realized that if you kill a few ants in your kitchen, a few more are most likely to show up? The logic behind that is the fact that ants don’t leave their dead family members just anywhere. Instead, the surviving ones come to pick the dead and put them in their midden, a pile made up of ants’ waste matter and remains. This pile is said to protect the ant colony and their Queen from contamination.
Ants will risk it all to retrieve their fallen brothers and sisters and return them to their homes. They follow the chemical called oleic acid which has a scent that creates a path to their dead and injured family members.
Ant War Conclusion
Ants may be small, but they are fascinating and extremely loyal insects. Their colonies a formed in such a structure, that they are born with these natural insects.
To see a video of an ant war in action, click here.
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Common Bugs in NYC
There are some common bugs in NYC that are specific to certain regions in the United States.
New York City is primarily known for the problems we have with cockroaches. Control Exterminating NYC are experts in controlling and exterminating cockroaches.
You don’t have to live with the problem simply because it is a problem that is known to exist in NY. Any bugs NYC problem can be treated by our qualified exterminators.
“Let us show you what we can do to help you with you get rid of cockroaches and other common bugs.”
If you want to address common bugs in NYC that are a problem, contact the professional services of Control Exterminating NYC. Our team of professional exterminators are qualified to offer you the best services possible.
We offer professional services that prove effective in treating most infestations of common bugs you have. The problem could develop very slowly and completely take over before you realize it.
You can try to treat the problem on your own but you it is more helpful and less time-consuming when you hire the services of a qualified pest control experts NY.
Why Hire Professional Pest Control Service
Hiring a professional pest control service will be advantages to have because they will be able to quickly get to the bottom of the problem for you. Our exterminator will know exactly where to look to find the source of your problem.
Once they have identified the source, they must then try to determine if this is the only place where the problem stems from. There may be more than one entryway and if you do not find them all, the problem will still exist.
“Our exterminators will perform a thorough search of the property to find out where your problem stems from to seal it up and prevent more bugs from coming inside.”
You might think that simply because it is a common problem, surely there is something online that will tell you how to effectively treat the problem.
We are sure that you’ll be able to find exactly what you are looking for online. The problem is that the methods that are suggested are usually just a quick fix. They don’t produce lasting benefits.
If you have an ant problem for example, that you want to completely eliminate, you need to find out where and why they are coming inside.
Once this has been accomplished, our pest control expert will develop a plan to effectively address the source of your problem, thus destroying every inch of the problem.
Don’t Use DIY Methods
Buying products over-the-counter can also be a serious problem, due to the effects that the harmful chemicals can have on your health and the health of your children and pets.
When you want to remain safe, why not leave the job of getting rid of bugs to our professional pest control exterminators at Control Exterminating NYC.
They have the knowledge and the qualifications that make it possible for you to live bug free for now and years to come.
“Most people want value for their money, this is exactly what you will receive when you allow us to address your pest control needs.”
You don’t have to live with the problem that you’re experiencing because you are fearful of how much it will cost to address the problem.
We will work with you regardless of your budget to provide you with the best and most efficient pest control service possible.
Most people want value for their money, this is exactly what you will receive when you allow us to address your pest control needs.
We don’t leave a trace of any type of pest problem once we have been allowed to address the problem at Control Exterminating NYC.
“Common Bugs in NYC” was first published by controlexterminating.com
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Bedbug Bites: We know that most people don’t know what causes bedbugs but they do know that they are real and that they can easily be in their homes or hotels. At Control Exterminating we treat both residential and commercial properties. Our bedbug exterminators have successfully treated many hotel bedbugs, such as Gotham Hotel bedbug and Marriott downtown bedbugs. No matter the extent of the problem, you can rely on the best bed bug exterminator in NYC by relying on Control Exterminating.
You can easily bring in bedbugs from anywhere you’ve been. That is why it helps to know who to turn to when you need the services of a bedbug exterminator. We don’t know what causes bedbugs either but we do know that our bedbug exterminators are capable of getting rid of them for you. Visit our bedbugs website to learn more about our professional bed bug treatment NYC.
Identifying Bedbug Bites
If you suspect that you have bedbugs, you will likely have evidence of this. In some cases, people experience fever while most experience a rash. In some instances, those who have a high immune system do not experience any visible signs of being bitten. If you notice several areas of your skin where itchy rashes have developed, you may have been bitten by bedbugs.
However, to determine for sure, you may need to seek the advice of your primary care physician. They will be in a better position to advice you of the bites you’re experience than our bedbug exterminator. Surely, if they conclusively identify the bites as bedbugs, you’ll need bedbugs treatment as soon as possible.
If you’re wondering, what do exterminators use to kill bedbugs, this depends on the extent of your problem. Our bedbug terminator will perform a free bedbug inspection to determine the extent of the problem. Based on the problem, they may determine that using environmental pest control is best.
How to Check for Bedbugs on Your Own
If you would like to do your own bed bug inspection in NYC you’ll need to know what you are looking for. Do you know what bed bugs look like? They are very hard to find due to their size but if you decide to turn your mattress over to check for bed bugs, you should look for small, pale-colored bugs. They may even be red if they have had a blood meal. Checking for them before calling a bedbug service for bedbug help is a good idea so that the problem can be quickly addressed by one of our NYC bedbug exterminators.
How to Get Rid of Bedbugs
If discovered, you should know how to get rid of bedbugs. We might suggest that you allow us to use a bedbug dog. They can find bedbug eggs. If they do, we will be able to quickly eliminate the problem by killing the bedbug eggs. We find great success in using a bedbug dog.
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Identifying Infestation Problems During Winter: At Control Exterminating Pest Control in Manhattan, NY, we receive a lot of phone calls during the winter months due to pest problems.
This isn’t uncommon since we know that during this time of the year, rodents, spiders and other pest, go indoors to find food or to hibernate until it is warming outside.
This can pose a serious problem to you if you have them inside your home because they may lay eggs that eventually hatch. If you live in an older house, this problem seems to be worse since the home likely has a variety of ways to get inside. These pests may already be inside your home and you’re just not aware of it because you don’t know the signs of an infestation.
Homeowners and businesses in Staten Island, Brooklyn, Bronx, and Queens, NY, all rely on us to help them find and treat their infestations. We are happy perform an inspection for you but there are some signs that you can check for on your own, which give you an indication of a possible infestation.
Identifying Infestation Problems During Winter
Sounds Within the Walls
If you notice a scratching sound coming from inside your walls, this might be a sign of a rodent problem.
They tend to nest and breed in homes during the colder times of the year. We use baiting stations and other types of traps to capture any that rodents you might notice.
Fecal Matter or Urine
Look around your pantry or cabinets to see if you notice fecal matter. This may resemble black grains of rice. Diseases are spread through the fecal matter of rodents.
Lights Going On/Off
This means that you have something chewing on your electrical wires. This can be dangerous and should be attended to right away.
“Identifying Infestation Problems During Winter” was edited by R.J. Huneke and published by Control Exterminating.
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Celebrate April as National Pest Management Month
For over 30 years the National Pest Management Association (NPMA) has celebrated the courageous men and women working tirelessly in the Pest Control Management industry during April.
Considering all the work, training and dedication that is involved, these passionate professionals truly deserve a noteworthy appreciation and acknowledgment for the hard work they perform daily.
Pest Risk Analysis & Assessment
Pests have plagued our homes and businesses for centuries. They do more than give people a case of the crawlies and heebie-jeebies. They can potentially cause excessive damage that can impact your bank account heavily, or transmit diseases, bacteria, germs, and contribute additional allergen particulates.
Professionals in the pest control industry have accomplished a remarkable contribution in managing pest populations and rescuing home and business owners from stressful situations from an assortment of insects, rodents, wildlife, and birds inflicting their property.
Pest Inspections & Control
Insects such as bees, hornets, and wasps can be a real hindrance on outdoor activities, especially for those severely allergic. Thanks to the brave experts in pest control; stinging insects are relocated away from the festivities.
Mosquitoes, bed bugs, ticks, fleas and other bloodsuckers are quickly abolished with pest control professionals trained to execute inspections and locate colonies or nests. Termites, carpenter ants, rodents and other nuisance wildlife members are stopped in their damaging tracks.
Homes and businesses are liberated from the destructive force these pests inflict on the warriors that fight the good fight in the pest control industry. In a nutshell, those that chose to protect as a part of the pest control soldiers are doing the country a huge favor in preserving our homes, businesses and loved ones from the corruption of pests.
“Insects such as bees, hornets, and wasps can be a real hindrance on outdoor activities, especially for those severely allergic. Thanks to the brave experts in pest control; stinging insects are relocated away from the festivities.”
Tips to Prevent Pests in Your House
April is designated to observe their aid and to offer a little recognition and appreciation. In honor of Pest Control Management Month, we at Control Exterminating would like to offer some tips to contribute to minimizing pest intrusion in your home:
- Install or replace weather stripping along doors and windows to ensure they are properly sealed.
- Appropriately seal any holes, gaps, and cracks on the exterior of your home. From top to bottom, check the home for any entry points. Service pipes or vents should be guarded as well to prevent critters from gaining entrance to your home.
- Keep firewood stacked away from home, along with any cluttered, useful materials.
- Dispose of refuse piling up; keep lids tightly secured on trash bins. Keep trees, bushes, grass and other vegetation neatly trimmed and pruned away from home.
- Contain any leaks or standing water sources.
- Avoid leaving pet food out for long periods of time.
- Inside your home, repair leaky pipes or faucets to remove water sources or damp conditions pests find favorable.
- Remove clutter by donating the things you do not want. Discard trash, recycle the reusable items, and neatly put your belongings away in an organized fashion.
- Keep trash lids secure on the garbage cans and be sure to clean them out periodically.
- Clean cupboards and pantries. Dispose of fallen crumbs and spilled food and ingredients and seasonings.
- Properly contain food in sealable containers. Avoid leaving food packaged in cardboard, paper or flimsy plastic pests can easily gnaw through.
Call Control Exterminating to schedule a maintenance routine to keep them out of your Manhattan, NY home.***